Tipos de salt para zonar tus comidas ⋆ Larousse Cocina

Historia de la sal

Beyond giving flavor and conserving food, Salt plays an important role in the world economy, pues estos cristales were tan valioso como actualmente lo es el oro. An example of this is denoted in the word “salary”la cual se remonta a la epoca romana y hace referencia al pago que se hacía a los soldiers que cuidaban de la Vía Salaria (un camino entre salineras que iba de Ostia a Roma). His valor was tal, que incluso los slaves were exchanged by sal.

In Mesoamerica, salt also represented a symbol of power and economic exchange. Es un hecho, que antes se obtenía de manantiales como los del actual Tehuacán, Puebla o gracias al mar de las costas como en el case de Oaxaca. Currently, salt is also obtained from subterranean brines that evaporate alto vacio as in the case of Veracruz. These states have turned Mexico into the sixth country with the largest production of salt.

What is the importance of salt?

La sal es importante para el organismo ya que contribue a que las cells mantengan una pressurea que el cuerpo retenga otros minerales ya mantener un buen funcción de la thyroid glandwhich is responsible for regulating body temperature, metabolizing proteins and allowing the correct functioning of the nervous system.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends consuming Maximum 5 grams of salt per daywhile the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) recommends consuming 27 milligrams of salt per kilo of body weight al día, es decir que una persona que pesa 70 kilos should consume como máximo hasta 2 grams of salt per day. El cuidado en el consumo de la salud es importante pues exceso es dañina para la salud, porque no sólo causa hypertensionsino también contribue a la decalcificación de los huesos, al renal damage and included al increase of “bad” cholesterol en la sangre

Tipos de sal que debes de probar

The salt is not only extracted from seas, but also from lagoonssalmueras subterráneas o de mines. Each type of extraction, as well as each territory from which it is extracted, gives different salt, flavors and aromas. Below we present the main types of salt that exist:

The production of sea salt is a practice similar to agriculture, since the process is carried out meticulously from beginning to end.

The production of sea salt is a practice similar to agriculture, since the process is carried out meticulously from beginning to end.

Sal de mesa

Si hay un ingrediente indispensable en las alacenas es table salt, salt with iodine or with flour. Table salt is mainly characterized by being a mixture of pure and refined salt with special additives to prevent moisture from compacting it. This salt is not recommended for making brines, because the solution is opaque due to these additives.

Iodine is a mineral that helps keep the thyroid glands healthy. In Mexico, iodized salt was introduced in 1943, due to the fact that the water in some areas was deficient in this mineral. Something similar happened with fluoride salt, because fluoride is a mineral that helps prevent dental caries. It was implemented for the first time in some areas of the country in 1981 and, later, it was applied on a national scale.

Sal kosher

According to Jewish food norms, this salt is the one that should be used in the preparation of food, because it is free of impurities, minerals and additives. These characteristics are converted to kosher salt, one of the favorites for cooking.

Sal de mar

This salt is characterized by having many minerals, because it is obtained from the evaporation of sea water. The place where it evaporates is called salinera and the process is so delayed that it can take around 5 years to obtain it. Algunas sales de mar se elaboraten evaporando el agua a través de mechanical processescomo la sal Maldon de Inglaterra, la cual se obtienne hirviendo el agua con el fin de obtener los cristales pyramidales that characterizes it.

Flor de sal

The flor of salt is generated on the surface of sea water, in the salt pans just when the breezes and ambient humidity are suitable. Compared to sea salt, which is formed in the bottom, the flower of salt is formed on the surface of the marine water of the salines, so it tends to be impregnated with very complex aromatic oils. Due to its complex collection process, its cost is high, so it is recommended to use it until the end of a preparation.

Sales aromatizadas y de colores

The salt can also be classified in two large categories according to its organoleptic characteristics: the sales of colors y las sales aromatized. La primera hace referencia a aquellas sales que They have a specific color due to the minerals of the environment from which they are extracted. Un ejemplo de ello es la rosa del Himalaya, la cual tiene ese color natural characteristic due to que las montañas paquistaníes son ricas en hierroa mineral indispensable for the formation of red blood cells and muscles.

Las especiadas are those that have one or several extra ingredients in their composition, which contribute unique flavors to the salt. An example of this is here sal de floreshecha con pétalos de rosas, lavanda y pensamientos, la cual se usa para condimentar carnes y produtos del mar.

Now that you know the importance of this ingredient, consume it moderately.

Por Miguel Guzmán

Note retrieved from April 18, 2018.


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